Antibiotics resistance would be the first cause of death in the world

© Shutterstock
© Shutterstock
We can expect in few years a step backward at an age where light hurt and banal infections were still fatal.
In fact, the Antibiotics resistance is developping itself all around the world. This phenomenon of resistance occurs when a microorganism become resistant to a drug to which it was sensitive.
The principal reason of this mutational event is the inappropriate consumption of antibiotics. In developed countries the consumption is too strong whereas in developping countries the consumption remains too weak.

Expert’s report

An english expert commission conducted a study on this subject. And the consequences are terrible. In fact, in 2050, the antibiotics resistance would be responsible for the death of around 10 million people a year. And from the economic point of view, the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) would be reduced.

This report was setting up by David Cameron in July, while he was one of the first to see this as a threat.

This phenomenon could lead to the development of resistant bacteria. Today these are responsible of treatable diseases but in the future, with the Antibiotic resistance, these diseases will become deadly illnesses.

The main places of mortality would be Asia (4,7 millions) and Africa (4,1 millions). In Europa, the study forsee around 400 000 death a year.

The Antibiotics Resistance would become the leading cause of death, ahead of cancer, diabetes, diarrhea diseases or road accidents.

 

Nowadays, the antibiotic resistance is responsible for the death of 700 000 people a year all around the world. The world consumption of antibiotics has risen of 40% in ten years. A lot of bacteria have some resistance to antibiotics.

The bacteria mentionned in this report are Klebsiella pneumonia which cause respiratory infections, E.Coli (diarrhea) but there are lot of concern with the HIV, tuberculosis…

In the hospital, we already see that there are lots of drug-resistant bacteria. This is a real hygiene problem.

Conclusion

This problem is a real public health issue because they are less and less development of new antibiotics by the pharmaceutical labotary. So there is a problem when the current antibiotics are not efficient anymore, but in a global slump context, it is not a big priority for governments.

PAR ANNE BLANCHARD